How To Lay A Grass Lawn

Nov 03, 2021

A beautiful lawn complements a beautiful house’s compound to complete the outlook of the whole home. To lay a lawn perfect for your garden you need to consider a few things. The more time you spend on preparing it dictates how good it will be. The best seasons to prepare your turf lawn is during spring and autumn for a strong set of roots ready for the harsh summer sun and winter frosts. 

How To Lay A Grass Lawn

Before looking into how to lay the turf lawn, here is what you may need for the whole exercise.

  • Turfgrass
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Garden spades
  • A knife
  • A rake 
  • Watering Can or Hose/Sprinkler
  • Loam for the topsoil

How To Lay A Grass Lawn

Preparing the ground

For a new lawn, you must clear the ground off weeds and rock debris. You can remove the existing lawn manually or use a spray to clear it. This should be 14 days before laying the new lawn to make sure all the chemicals have worn off. Check the spray recommendation for spraying rates according to the size of your lawn area. Weeds like the onion weed are so stubborn and may need more work if they continue to germinate. 

Soil preparation 

Start by hoeing the soil 100mm deep. This will allow your lawn to sit 30mm below your driveways or paving for a flush look. If you have less soil coverage, you may need to add some more to cover up for the 100mm depth dug area. Consider some high-quality loamy soil, consisting of 60% sand and 40% soil. 

Find out the exiting soil type by purchasing a PH test kit for your soil to know if your soil can support the growth of turfgrass. Once you check the PH, you may need to add lime for a PH less than 7.0. If your soil is compact hard clay, you need to add gypsum to correct that hardness. 

Levelling your lawn 

Now that you have the correct soil type, you can begin levelling. First, you should get rid of any debris emerging from the hoeing process like big stones. Level the ground with a garden rake and fill up the areas needing extra soil with topsoil. Rake the area further to spread the additional soil. 

Firm and compress the soil 

Walk around the area taking small heavy steps putting force on your heels. If there are any holes or dips formed from walking up and down, use the remaining topsoil to fill them up. Compress the ground with your feet once more and rake it all over again. 

Improving the soil 

To achieve a perfect and healthy lawn, you can further improve the soil by adding fertilizer or organic matter like manure to better the soil structure and nutrient content. This should be one week before you lay your turf. 

Laying the turf 

With the turf is ready, begin laying the first row carefully unrolling them to prevent any damage. Place each piece overlapping the previous slightly. Avoid stepping on the lawn by using a wood plank to step on while working on the lawn, especially on a large area. Lay the next set of rows up close to each other in a brickwork format until the whole area is filled up.

Cutting a clean edge for the perfect lawn 

As you lay the turves some edges may need some cutting off, including the excess, laid turves. You will need a knife or a spade to remove them. Pick up some topsoil and put it on the turf edges to prevent it from drying up. Hit the turves with the back of the rake or spade to ensure they get in contact with the soil for proper growth. This will allow you to now water the lawn for proper growth of the grass. Use a sprinkler or a watering can to soak the lawn area. 

Growth and maintenance 

You will have to wait for some weeks for your lawn to pick up while still maintaining a regular watering schedule. The turves need not dry, therefore, keep them watered until they establish. Once the grass is 250mm to 500mm tall, you can begin mowing. You should never cut off more than a third of your lawn grass to keep it healthy and green. 

Aftercare and further maintenance 

The turf lawn takes weeks to develop strong roots, therefore, avoid walking on the turf to prevent destroying it. During the winter season, less severe conditions will allow the grass to begin growing, hence, trim the grass slightly, mowing with high set blades. 

A lawn carefully taken care of will always be healthier than a neglected one. If you lay a grass lawn, be ready to water and mow it for a beautiful outlook.